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Black-legged Poison dart frog (Phyllobates bicolor) are the second most poisonous dart frog, behind the Golden Poison dart frog. They release their poison through their skin. Captive-raised individuals are not toxic; the animals require chemicals found only in their wild food sources, mainly insects. In captivity, these chemicals are not available to them from their food source.

Currently, deforestation, habitat loss, and pollution pose the biggest threat to the species They are classified as Endangered by the IUCN.

Axolotl’s (Ambystoma mexicanum) are similarly related to salamanders.  Scientists study the genetic and biochemical mechanisms of the Axolotl due to their ability to regenerate limbs, gills and other body parts like their eyes and brains. Although they have lungs the Axolotl can also survive out of waters for a short time, if area is moist and damp to prevent their delicate skin from drying out. Axolotls were near extinct in 2020 due to water pollution. They are critically endangered with a decreasing population. Some of the threats they face are poor waters quality and invasive species.

The White’s Tree Frog (Ranoidea caerulea) is native to Australia and New Guinea and has also been introduced in America and New Zealand.

Their diet consists mainly of insects such as moths, cockroaches and locusts. They also eat spiders and can include smaller frogs and even small mammals. Good news is, these guys are in the ‘Least Concern’ category conservation wise.

Larger than most Australian frogs, this tree frog reaches 10 cm (4 in) or more in length. Its average lifespan in captivity, about 16 years, is long compared with most frogs.

Australia have put a protective status on these frogs but are still threatened by pollution.

Golden Mantella Frogs (Mantella aurantiaca) are one of the most threatened amphibians in Madagascar with their conservation status being Endangered.

These small frogs, no bigger than 2.6cm, are found in a variety of colour morphs; red, orange and yellow.

Some of the biggest factors to their decrease in population relates to human interference such as habitat destruction, global warming and exotic pet trading.

Borneo Eared Tree Frogs (Polypedates otilophus) are native to the third-largest island in the world and the largest in Asia, Borneo. Females of this species are traditionally bigger, measuring up to around 10cm long whereas males measure around 80cm.

It is not considered a threatened species by the IUCN. However external pressures of habitat destruction and global warming pose threats for the future of all reptiles and amphibians.

Barred Tiger Salamander also known as the western tiger salamander can be found in the wild in western Canada and some western parts of the United States. Scientifically know as “Ambystoma mavortium”, these creatures are typically nocturnal and are opportunistic feeders. They can also grow upto 30.5cm

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